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Complex system and future
technologies in neuroscience – CSFTN’24
29-30 June 2024 Teleon Imperial Hotel (link)
Venue: St Peterburg, Russia

Oxana Semyachkina-Glushkovskaya

Oxana Semyachkina-Glushkovskaya

Saratov State University, Scientific Medical Center, Laboratory «Smart Sleep», (Saratov,Russia)

Technologies of the future in neuroscience

Abstract: Looking into the future, neurotechnology is expected to be the most promising field in medicine. Just yesterday, it seemed fantastic to create technologies that could be controlled only by thought. But today, a number of companies Synchron Switch, Neuralink and Blackrock Neurotech have created a brain-computer interface that, using the power of thought and neurochips, makes it possible to restore movement, communication and reading in people with disabilities.

For the first time in the world, in 2023, a Russian breakthrough non-invasive technology was developed for cleansing brain tissue of toxins during sleep. This innovative direction opens a new page in the history of the development of neuroscience, when brain diseases will be treated in sleep. The technology is a portable flexible plate of LEDs that, in the infrared range, act on the meningeal lymphatic vessels, stimulating the removal of toxins (beta-amyloid and blood products) from the brain through them. Light exposure is supplied through a smart bracelet, which performs the function of monitoring sleep stages and sends a signal to photo elements via Bluetooth technology. Clinical trials of the technology will take place in 2025 on 30 patients with Alzheimer's disease and in 2026 on 30 patients with brain injuries. It is known that even one night without sleep leads to the accumulation of toxic molecules in the brain in healthy people, and in conditions of its chronic deficiency over 25 years, dementia develops. The technology is also intended to prevent dementia in healthy people who experience sleep deficiency due to overwork or in older people who experience age-related sleep disturbances. The portable size of the technology, safety and ease of use allow it to be used in a car, airplane, office and at home. The development of smart sleep technology has no analogues in the world, which contributes to the emergence of its own highly competitive niche for Russian technologies in the international arena and increases the prestige of Russian science. This will also help preserve the health of the nation, improve the quality of medical services and reduce the economic costs of treating patients with brain diseases.

Keywords: neurotechnology, medicine, photobiomodulation, Alzheimer's disease, brain injury.

Acknowledgments: The research was supported by the Russian Science Foundation grant No. 23-75-30001.